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Gunston Hall Facts

  • The Masons were among the first families of colonial Virginia. According to family tradition, George Mason I was a royalist in the English Civil War. 
  • Gunston Hall was built in 1755-59 by William Buckland and William Bernard Sears for George Mason IV in Fairfax County,Virginia. The architecture is Georgian, while the interior reflects a wide range of English styles.Ge
  • George Mason IV was born in 1725 most likely in what is today Fairfax County.  He died on October 7, 1792.
  • Mason began construction of a new house for his growing family in 1754.  He called it Gunston Hall after the name of a country seat of a maternal ancestor. 
  • Construction of the house was largely completed by 1755; however, the indentured servant. William Buckland worked on the interior completing it by 1759.
  • Gunston Hall was small by the grand standards of the Governor's Palace, Sabine Hall and Rosewell. One of the first brick structures in Northern Virginia, it nevertheless was an exquisite gem of taste and refinement.

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  • There are few better examples in colonial Virginia of the strictness of the Georgian love of balance, perspective and proportionality.

  • Gunston Hall’s garden is one the best examples of formal English gardens in early colonial Virginia.  
  • Mason was among a dozen or so of the fifty-five delegates of the Constitutional Convention who, according to Jeff Broadwater, made a "substantial impact on the final text of the document."
  • Mason refused to vote for the U.S. Constitution because it perpetuated the slave trade; did not have a Bill of Rights; and, in his view, concentrated too much power in the hands of the few.
  • A persistent theme that persisted throughout Mason's time at the Constitutional Convention is that he wanted to guard the rights of the American people against the potential tyranny of the majority.