and Founding Father who served as President of the United States from 1809-1817. He is called the "Father of the Constitution" for his role in drafting and promoting the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. He co-wrote the "Federalist Papers," co-founded the Democratic-Republican Party, and was the fifth U.S. Secretary of State between 1801-1809. Madison's wife, Dolley, defined the role of the President's spouse, and helped establish the idea of bipartisanship by hosting social functions for all parties.
Montpelier was built by James Madison Sr. and his son, James Jr. in three phases. The first was a flemish bond brick two story structure built around 1764 by Madison Sr. and expanded by Madison Jr. up until 1797. Between 1797-1800 Madison Jr. added an extension and Tuscan portico. In the third phase between 1809-12 Madison added a large drawing room and one story wings on each side of the house. The house was restored to its original appearance between 2003-08.
Benjamin Blankenbehler for Architecture Revived