and Founding Father
who served as the first President of the United States from 1789-1797. He is called the "Father of his Country" because of his role as the victorious commanding general of Patriot Forces in the American Revolution; for his leadership in the Constitutional Convention of 1787; and as the first President of the United States. Washington was instrumental in establishing the key principles of the American Republic. He embraced the strengthening of the federal government after the failures of the Articles of Confederation, and he set precedents for civilian and republican rule by eschewing royal symbolism and by supporting a peaceful transition of power.
The original house was built of wood in a Palladian style around 1734 by George Washington's father, Augustine Washington. George began leasing the estate in 1754 but did not become full owner until 1761 after his older half-brother, Lawrence, his wife Anne, and their only surviving heir died. George expanded the house twice in the late 1750s and 1770s. The principal 1734 block was a one story house with a garret. In the 1750s the roof was raised to a full two story plus a garret. Beginning in 1774 a two storied wing was added on the south side and a large two story room to the north side. Two single story secondary wings were added in 1775. The house is noted for its beveled wooden siding to resemble stone blocks; the off-center door caused by the phased evolution of the construction; and a cupola of a Carolean style likely created for ventilation purposes and to enhance the symmetry of the two wings.
Photo by George Washington's Mount Vernon, Mount Vernon's Ladies' Association